Trees & Shrubs with Red Berries Pictures & How to Identify them
- 1 Trees & Shrubs with Red Berries Pictures & How to Identify them
- 1.1 Identification of Red Berries
- 1.2 Bushes or Shrubs With Red Berries
- 1.3 Redberry tree identification
- 1.4 Types of Red Berries Grown
- 1.5 Pin Cherries (Prunus pensylvanica)
- 1.6 Snake Berries (Potentilla indica or Duchesnea indica)
- 1.7 Red Gooseberry Bush (Ribes uva-crispa)
- 1.8 Red Chokeberry Bush (Aronia)
- 1.9 Barberry (Berberis)
- 1.10 Redcurrants (Ribes rubrum)
- 1.11 Hobble Bush (Vidurnum lantanoides)
- 1.12 Tatarian Honeysuckle Bush (Lonicera tatarica)
- 1.13 Bittersweet Nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)
- 1.14 Cotoneaster
- 1.15 Winterberry (Ilex verticillate)
- 1.16 Red Cherry Trees
- 1.17 Cornelian Cherry Dogwood (Cornus mas)
- 1.18 Peruvian Pepper (Schinus molle)
- 1.19 Hawthorn Trees (Crataegus)
- 1.20 American Holly Tree (Ilex opaca)
- 1.21 Red Berry Mistletoe (Viscum cruciatum)
- 1.22 Sumac Trees and Shrubs (Rhus)
- 1.23 Red Heavenly Bamboo Berries (Nandina Domestica)
- 1.24 Mulberry Trees (Morus)
- 1.25 Buffalo Berry (Shepherdia)
The many types of trees and bushes that grow red berries include both edible and ornamental plant varieties. Many of the plants listed below produce both edible and non-edible fruits. For easy identification, you should learn the scientific names so you can narrow down the choices when choosing a tree or bush. Pictures of these types of shrubs growing in space will give you an idea of how they grow and look in their natural habitat.
Identification of Red Berries
You probably already know that berries make a great snack. But what you may not realize is that there are many different kinds of berries out there, only a few of which you’ll find at the supermarket or farmer’s market.
Bushes or Shrubs With Red Berries
It can be difficult to identify shrubs that are in your landscape and produce fruit with red berries. Before you start looking, consider a few things. Shrubs or trees with red berries may be ornamental and not edible or edible and ornamental. The type of red berry also often helps with identification such as red currants, hollies, Arkansas gooseberry, serviceberries, dogwood fruits, high bush cranberries, and wintergreen. These shrubs range from evergreens to deciduous and whether the leaves are glossy or jagged.
Redberry tree identification
In many parts of the world, red berries are known to be edible. However, in some areas, this is not the case. The top source for identifying any red berry tree is the trunk of the tree. Redberry-type trees have reddish-colored bark and tree trunks that are usually round or oval in shape. These trees can tolerate a wide array of environmental conditions and often thrive in rocky or hilly regions.
Types of Red Berries Grown
Pin Cherries (Prunus pensylvanica)
Bright red branches, fruit, and orange-red bark make the Pin Cherry tree easy to identify. You’d know it was falling along wooded stream banks as soon as you saw the scarlet “flowers” of this fire cherry bursting forth. Its refreshingly tart fruit is ripe in early summer and makes good jelly. It is also known as Fire cherry is a small, erect, multi-stemmed, deciduous tree that grows to heights up to 30 feet.
Snake Berries (Potentilla indica or Duchesnea indica)
Snake Berries, also known as False Strawberry or Mock Strawberry, are edible and can be prepared in a number of ways. The leaves and fruits of this plant are used for medicinal purposes. Mock strawberry is a popular ornamental plant in gardens. With its lovely yellow flowers, this plant has become a favorite as an eye-catching landscaping shrub. It is easily propagated through seeds, cuttings, and air layering. The snake berry is suitable for rockeries, lawns, and containers.
Red Gooseberry Bush (Ribes uva-crispa)
The Red Gooseberry can be grown in any temperate climate, once established. It is very drought tolerant and requires little overall care. Its berries are edible, but tart to many and often used for making jams and wine. The Red Gooseberry, or Ribes Uva-Crispa , is a rapid-growing bush that can grow up to a height of 3 feet. It has shiny red berries in the summer and beautiful white flowers in the spring and fall and grows best in zones 5 to 8. This flowering shrub is easy to care for and simply needs to be watered occasionally and be pruned once in a while.
Red Chokeberry Bush (Aronia)
The Red Chokeberry is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with bright red fruit that changes to a blue-purple in the winter. Its leaves turn shades of red and yellow in the fall and it has white to light pink flowers in the spring. This plant is popular in numerous landscapes for its flexibility, ease of care, and late-season color.
Growing Barberry Shrub Barberries are hardy deciduous shrubs ideal for acidic, sandy soils and irrigated gardens. The most common barberry shrub is the Berberis vulgaris, also known as the European barberry bush. Available in a variety of sizes and colors, these are great additions to both small and large gardens, especially when used as foundation shrubs or hedges. Do you want to grow a barberry bush? Well, you might want to know about how it’s grown first. Don’t worry; it’s really not that difficult to grow and maintain a barberry bush.
Redcurrants (Ribes rubrum)
Redcurrants grow best in full sun with rich soil, and they are deciduous shrubs that usually don’t need pruning. However, you can prune your redcurrant shrub in the fall — remove any broken or dead branches. To get a strong bush and good fruit production, you might want to stake your red currant even when it is young because it has weak stems. Staking can be especially helpful if the bushes will grow in high winds. If the plants haven’t been staked, try not to walk under them when they are fruiting. You might end up with a face full of fruit!
Hobble Bush (Vidurnum lantanoides)
Hobble bush is a perennial shrub of the family Adoxaceae. that grows 2–4 meters (6–12 ft) tall with pendulous branches which take root where they touch the ground and form obstacles that easily trip walkers – hence the common name. It forms large clusters of white to pink flowers in May–June, on the outer edge of which is much larger (3–5 cm across) flowers. It has large, cardioid leaves which are serrate and 10–20 cm long. The bark is gray-brown with warty bumps, and the fruit is a red drupe that turns black when ripe. Native to the mountains of North Carolina, Hobblebush is a shrub that grows on old field edges, stream banks, and swamps, in pine forests, and sometimes along gravelly or sandy, acid loam slopes. This shrub can develop thickets.
Tatarian Honeysuckle Bush (Lonicera tatarica)
Tatarian honeysuckle is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with oval, smooth, green leaves that are alternate along the stem. The white downy hairs on its leaves are a key differentiating characteristic from Bell’s honeysuckle, which has a grayish cast to its leaves and stems. Tatarian honeysuckle has paired, tubular bell-shaped flowers and paired red or orange berry-like fruits. Fruits are borne around leaf axils as opposed to clusters at the end of branches which distinguishes from Morrow’s honeysuckle which has individual elongated flowers that often have a distinct odor. Honeysuckle fruits do not have this characteristic odor.
Bittersweet Nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)
Bittersweet nightshade is a slender perennial vine or semi-woody shrub found throughout King County, especially in creeks and wetlands, as well as field edges, gardens, parks, and roadsides. This plant is toxic to humans and pets. Leaves are dark green to purple-tinged. The flowering time of Bittersweet nightshade is Mid-May to September. It produces star-shaped purple flowers with stamens fused in a prominent yellow cone. Flowers followed by round or egg-shaped berries that ripen from green to orange, to bright red. All stages of berry can grow on the same plant. Bittersweet nightshade is Spread by seed, as well as stem and root fragments. Perennial vine or sprawling shrub; lower stems woody, upper herbaceous branches die back each year.”
Cotoneasters are best known for their showy pome fruit that grows in bunches. Some people hang the clusters in their homes or gardens as Christmas decorations. Cotoneasters are available at many nurseries as well as through online sources, with many cultivars available. A broad, low-growing shrub with dense foliage, the cotoneaster is an evergreen or deciduous woody plant, found growing in large numbers throughout Western Asia and Europe. It is widely cultivated for its attractive growth habit, which includes some of the most beautiful flowering shrubs.
Winterberry (Ilex verticillate)
Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) is a deciduous, small-leafed shrub that is native to the eastern U.S. It produces bright red berries that persist through the entire winter and into spring. If you’re looking for a shrub that’s low maintenance, aromatic, and attractive to wildlife, Winterberry may be what you’re seeking. It grows in USDA Zones 6 to 8 and has dark green, glossy leaves. Because it propagates quickly by root suckers, it can easily fill-out a border or screen. Winterberry also is an excellent choice for planting between taller trees in a woodland setting; its rounded form looks natural amid the taller trees and the flowers provide spring color.
Red Cherry Trees
The Red Cherry Tree is a pyramidal oval-shaped tree. It grows to be about 25-30 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide. In the springtime, the pretty white flowers are arranged in clusters on the 6-inch branches. The fall foliage deepens into shades of red and orange tones. The fruit is small and black, appearing in late summer. This tree is deciduous. The Red Cherry Tree will grow at a moderate rate during its first year, slowing down in future years to a medium growth rate.
Cornelian Cherry Dogwood (Cornus mas)
The Cornelian-cherry dogwood is a small tree or large shrub that thrives in well-drained urban conditions as a specimen, massed, near a patio, or as a hedge. Its small yellow flowers bloom in early spring before leaves appear. Its fruits are red and ripen in July. The trees are fast growers and are resistant to deer and other animals. There are seedlings readily available in the local nurseries with roots systems large enough to grow quickly.
Peruvian Pepper (Schinus molle)
Peruvian pepper or Schinus molle is an evergreen tree that grows up to 50 feet and large. Molle grows from 30-40 ft. (9.1-12.2 m) tall, with pinnately compound, linear leaves that are 6-12 in. (15.2-30.5 cm) long, with 2.5 in. (6.4 cm) long, sessile, lanceolate to linear, entire leaflets and flowers on a hanging panicle that can grow 11.8 in. (30 cm) long. The flowers are off white to yellow in color and less than 0.12 in. (3 mm) across and fruits are round with pink to reddish turning black when mature with a strong pepper scent when crushed.
Hawthorn Trees (Crataegus)
The hawthorn comprises a group of shrubs and small trees, chiefly growing in the north temperate zone. Hawthorns are especially abundant in central and southern Europe, western Asia, northwestern Africa, and North America. The name derives from the Anglo-Saxon word hægthorn, meaning “hedge.” Many species are cultivated for ornament in parks and gardens for their attractive flowers and fruits.
American Holly Tree (Ilex opaca)
American Holly is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30′ in cultivation, often a bit larger in the wild. It is native to the eastern and central United States where it may be found growing in moist woods, forest bottomland, and swamp perimeters plus some coastal dunes. This is the Christmas holly whose berries are typically collected for ornamentation (“decking the halls” as it were). The berries will remain on the bush well into winter, sometimes anchoring snow which then weighs down branches and can break off entire limbs.
Red Berry Mistletoe (Viscum cruciatum)
Red-berry Mistletoe (Viscum cruciatum) is a photosynthetic plant that lives on a variety of trees including oaks, fruit trees, and vines. These plants have leathery leaves that grow in opposite pairs, with 3-7 parallel veins running the length. They are 4-petaled, green, and very small, borne in small clusters. Berries start out green becoming translucent red when ripe. The red-berried mistletoe thrives in much of Spain, especially in mountainous areas of the north such as the Sierra de Grazalema.
Sumac Trees and Shrubs (Rhus)
Sumacs have been planted in North America for landscape use since colonial times. Native to the eastern United States, species of sumac have long been popular as occasional ornamental plants valued for their attractive fall coloring and dense fruit clusters. Although most species are tall, many types make wonderful well-behaved shrubs that can be planted in a sunny border or near a patio or deck.
Red Heavenly Bamboo Berries (Nandina Domestica)
They will be sending us some beautiful Nandina Domestica in the fall that can be planted in the landscape now. There are many varieties of this plant to choose from and they each have different features. This plant blooms in the late spring and has ornamental fruits. It has upright unbranched cane-like growth up to 7 feet (2.1 meters) tall but can become leggy unless pruned.
Mulberry Trees (Morus)
Mulberry trees are deciduous, meaning they lose their leaves annually. There are over ten species of these small to medium-sized trees in the family Moraceae, which also includes the fig tree, and they grow throughout temperate Asia and North America. Several mulberry species are cultivated as ornamentals because of their distinctive lace-like foliage, and several others are raised for their fruits, which were historically considered a valuable food source for silkworms.
Buffalo Berry (Shepherdia)
Buffalo berry, also called Rabbit berry, or Nebraska Current and cultivated in gardens has fruit that is a very hardy shrub with whitish, somewhat thorny branches and small, oblong silvery leaves. It is a very hardy shrub, growing wild along stream banks in the Great Plains of North America with fruit that is a currant-sized, scarlet-red, or golden-yellow berry with a tart flavor. Its berries are used to make meat relish and jelly.
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