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Caesalpinia Pulcherrima Care: How To Grow The Dwarf Poinciana / Peacock Flower Guide

Caesalpinia Pulcherrima Care

Caesalpinia Pulcherrima Care


About Caesalpinia Pulcherrima or Peacock Flower

Peacock Flower is a tropical plant that does not tolerate cold temperatures well. It thrives in porous, sandy, well-drained soil and needs a warm climate to thrive.

What is the common name of Caesalpinia pulcherrima?

The common names of this plant are

  • Caesalpinia Pulcherrima
  • Dwarf Poinciana
  • Pride of Barbados flower
  • Peacock flower

Size and Growth

Caesalpinia Pulcherrima, more commonly known as the Peacock Flower, is a fast-growing shrub that can reach heights of up to 15 feet (3m) and grow up to 6 to 10 feet (1,8- 3 m) wide.

Flowering and Fragrance

The Pride of Barbados is a tropical flowering shrub that produces red and yellow flowers in the summer. The showy flowers are bright orange with red stamen protruding several inches. The orange petals are lined with yellow.

How to Plant Caesalpinia pulcherrima

A peacock flower can be easily planted, either in your yard or in a container indoors all you need to do is consider all of its requirements while deciding where to grow it.

Caesalpinia pulcherrima, also known as the Peacock Flower, is a beautiful ornamental tree that needs full sun to grow and bloom. Choose a sunny location in your yard or garden to plant the Peacock Flower. If you’re planting the Peacock Flower in a container, place the container near a sunny window so it can get plenty of sunlight.

In addition, Caesalpinia pulcherrima should be planted in warm weather. The plant is not cold-hardy, so it will not survive in colder climates. If you live in a colder area, you can still grow the shrub by planting it in a container and keeping it inside your home. Peacock Flower prefers temperatures above 55°F (12°C) during the night and 70°F (21°C) during the day.

How to grow and care for peacock flower (Caesalpinia Pulcherrima)?

Caring for the Caesalpinia pulcherrima, also known as the peacock flower, is not difficult. In fact, it is quite tolerant of a variety of soil types as long as its well-draining. When caring for this plant, there are a few things to bear in mind. First and foremost, it should be transplanted before spring in late February or early March. When transplanting, use the same mixture of soil discussed; that is, a sandy porous potting medium. Additionally, make sure to water regularly but do not overwater; allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings.

Light and Temperature Requirements

The Caesalpinia Pulcherrima is a plant that is native to Central and South America. It is best suited for life in USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11, but can survive in average room temperature in a room with lots of sunlight, but not direct sunlight. The plant enjoys full sun and well-drained soil.

Additionally, a warm climate with nighttime lows of 55°F (12°C) and daytime highs of 70°F (21°C) is optimum for the peacock flower. If your region experiences colder temperatures, you should think about growing your shrub inside your house in a container.

Watering and Feeding Requirements

Water until the plant is established 2 to 3 times each week. Make sure to water the plant regularly, especially during the summer months when it is actively growing. Check the soil frequently to ensure that it never dries out – you don’t want to risk killing your Peacock Flower! Peacock Flower is drought-tolerant, so it’s best to underwater it than to overwater it.

In addition, new plants need to be watered weekly during the first growing season. However, during hot spells it’s better to thoroughly soak the ground up to 8” (20 cm) every few days instead of watering a little bit daily. This will encourage the roots to grow further into the ground, resulting in a sturdier plant that is more drought tolerant.

Soil and Transplanting Requirements

Soil: Caesalpinia Pulcherrima grows best in porous, sandy well-draining soil. This type of soil will help to ensure that the plant has access to the water and nutrients it needs.

Transplanting: Before spring in late February or early March, transplant using the same soil mixture as discussed. Be sure to keep transplants well-watered until they establish.

Maintenance and Grooming

When you first bring your Mexican Bird of Paradise home, be prepared to prune it in February or March. This will help the plant get used to its new surroundings. During the spring and summer, give it fertilizer to help it grow strong and healthy. In the fall, cut the branches back so that they are just above the soil line. This will protect the plant from frost damage during winter.

Pruning Caesalpinia Pulcherrima

Pruning Caesalpinia Pulcherrima is a great way to promote additional flowers in early October. You can lightly prune your Caesalpinia pulcherrima plants to help them look their best throughout the winter months. Pruning will encourage new growth before the weather cools down and make your plants look more attractive.

Propagating Dwarf Poinciana Trees

To propagate a Dwarf Poinciana Tree, you need to collect the seeds from the flowers that it produces during its blooming season. Simply cut the flowers off at the end of summer and let them dry out during winter. Once winter is over, gather up the seeds and sow them in late spring. Next, spread them out in trays and keep them at 75°F or warmer. Keep an eye on them and once you notice that the seedlings have emerged, place them in a sunny spot next to a window. It should take about two months for the seeds to grow into small Peacock Flowers that you can plant in individual pots.

Caesalpinia Pulcherrima Pests or Diseases

Aphids and spider mites are two of the most common pests that can attack Caesalpinia Pulcherrima. If these pests are detected, treatment is usually possible. A cold water spray will help you get rid of aphids if you find any. Insecticides can be used to treat spider mite infestations. However, if the infestation is severe, it may be necessary to remove the plant completely.

Suggested Uses For Caesalpinia Pulcherrima

Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a versatile plant that can be used in a variety of ways. It can be planted in mixed borders, as a specimen plant, or in challenging hot locations near pavement or between building foundations and walks. It is also a sturdy plant for slopes.

Caesalpinia Pulcherrima Benefits & Medicinal Uses

Caesalpinia pulcherrima tree is used for medicinal purposes, including treating convulsions, diarrhea, intestinal worms, sores, fever, and breathing difficulties and chest pain. The seeds are also used to cure breathing difficulty and chest pain.

How fast does Caesalpinia pulcherrima grow?

Typically takes around two months for the plant to grow into a small Peacock Flower from the seeds.

Do you cut back Pride of Barbados?

Pruning helps Pride of Barbados blooms, which can be fashioned into shrubby bushes or trees. If you like, you can now trim a few feet. When the risk of freezes has passed, prune two feet or more in late winter or early spring.

Does Pride of Barbados need fertilizer?

Pride of Barbados is a beautiful shrub that doesn’t require a lot of fertilizer. However, if you want to give it a little boost, using a liquid fertilizer every two weeks during the spring and summer months will help your shrub grow healthy and strong.

Every two to three years, established and mature trees should be fertilized. Feed plants in the early spring when they begin to grow.

Is Caesalpinia pulcherrima poisonous?

Large dosages of it are also moderately poisonous, especially the ripe seeds. The seeds contain tannic acid which can cause gastrointestinal discomfort if ingested. Use this specimen with caution if it will be near children or animals.


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